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Helping Dogs over the Firework Season

Often owners are searching for ways to assist dogs over the firework season.  This is because for many of us, and our pets, the firework season is very distressing.  No-one likes to see their beloved pets distressed.  Some will cower in a corner whilst shaking, whereas others will frantically try and get to the fireworks, sometimes injuring themselves in the process.  For many dogs it a very unhappy time, and it seems to go on for weeks on end.

Dog scared of fireworks

The noises caused by the fireworks can cause fear, anxiety and sometimes a phobia.  Research shows that the large majority of noise phobias involve either loud quick sounds (e.g. fireworks, gunshots) or thunder. It is also reported that fear of fireworks is the most commonly reported noise phobia in dogs, with the second being fear of thunder.

Fear is the apprehension of a stimulus, event or object.  It is essential for animals to feel fear in order to survive.  Fear triggers the “fight or flight” response, characterised by increased heart rate, breathing, and muscle tension, which allows the individual to escape from danger of defend itself against a predator.  This coping mechanism is called upon in the presence or absence of a stimulus.  The brain’s job is to regulate the strength and duration of this coping mechanism, but this can sometimes fail.

Anxiety is a reaction of apprehension or uneasiness to an anticipated danger or threat.  Signs are physiologic (increased heart rate, autonomic arousal) or behavioural (restlessness, freezing, lip licking).

Phobia:  A phobia is an unreasonable fear reaction prompting extreme and irrational avoidance responses.  The physiological responses to a phobic stimulus include trembling, tachycardia (fast heart rate), tachypnea (rapid breathing) and gastrointestinal disturbances (loss of bowel control).

Many dogs are not adequately habituated to these particular loud noises over time, so instead become sensitised.  This is the opposite of habituation where the presence of the stimuli creates a bigger response than its earlier presence.  Frequent exposure to these highly aversive events cause the brain to quickly activate alarm-threat pathways encouraging fear and startle responses.

 

Fireworks Phobias in Dogs

Ways to help your dog over this season

  • Ensure your dog has had plenty of physical and mental stimulation throughout the day.  A highly-strung dog with lots of pent-up energy is going to be far more difficult to keep calm and relaxed.  Do not walk your dog after dark and make sure he has been out to the toilet before darkness falls so he has no reason to need to go outside.
  • Provide your dog with a “den” area to help him feel more secure.  Hiding is a natural coping strategy designed to limit the exposure to the stimulus and dogs with anxiety issues tend to prefer to move to the safety of a den area when they feel emotionally challenged.  This is because they frequently try to get to places where the sound level is lower and multiple closed sides assist with this.  This can be a covered crate, an area such as behind a sofa, or under the bed.  Let him settle wherever he feels the most comfortable.  You may be the safe place your dog requires, so if cuddles under a blanket on the sofa are what is required, then so be it.
  • Close curtains and keep lights on to minimise flashes and sudden brightness.
  • Have a TV or radio on at a reasonably high, but comfortable volume to help drown out the sounds of fireworks.
  • If you know your dog will be scared, don’t leave him home alone.
  • Do feel free to comfort and support your dog when you feel he needs you.  Try and distract him whenever he is showing fear by giving him treats, playing games or doing some training exercises.  Generally, distracting him away from the fear is the best approach and all these things will improve his emotional state.  Ensure you avoid any punishment as this will make the dog far more distressed.  The best approach is to be cheery and jolly, to help lighten their mood.
  • There are various products on the market to assist with anxiety reduction.  These include the Adaptil products, Zylkene, Nutricalm, etc.  Speak to your veterinary surgeon about using any of these products before purchasing them online.  In some cases, pharmacological treatment is required to assist your dog during this period.  This must be used in conjunction with a behaviour modification programme from an appropriately qualified specialist.

Adaptil for firework fears

Desensitisation and counter-conditioning to treat noise sensitivities

Systematic desensitisation and counter-conditioning are the most effective methods when treating a noise sensitivity.  Systematic desensitisation is when an animal’s response to a stimulus is gradually reduced, to the point that it is in a neutral emotional state.  This is accomplished by progressively exposing the animal to increasingly intense forms of the stimulus while the animal is stress-free.  Counter-conditioning involves exposure to gradually increasing feared stimuli whilst concurrently encouraging emotions that are incompatible with fear.  The Dogs Trust website has free sound files you can download for this process.  Although this method takes some time before results are seen, it is often extremely successful.  This method should not be undertaken unless advice is taken from a qualified specialist.

 

The “portable hug”

Other products have a more immediate effect and can be used once a dog shows signs of distress, or to avoid them getting into a negative emotional state.  The Thundershirt, KarmaWrap and Equafleece T-Shirt are worn by the dog and provide a “portable-hug” based on the practice of Tellington TTouch.  These should be worn at various times during the day, not just when the stimuli is present, to avoid it becoming a predictive cue.

Keep your dog occupied

Keeping your dog distracted while fireworks are going off is an excellent way of helping to keep them calm.  Using long-lasting chews such as Yakers, Pure Dog Stag Bars, FarmFood Antler Bars, Anco Roots and Bullbars will not only give them something to focus on beside the bangs and flashes, but chewing releases endorphins which will help to feel more relaxed.

A stuffed Kong, Tux, Traxx, K9 Connectables or Quest is another ideal way to keep your dog distracted during fireworks.  These are easily made in advance and frozen, ready to use whenever they are needed.  It’s easy to make up these stuffed toys in batches so there’s no need for last-minute preparation.  Once you’ve purchased appropriate toys the recipes themselves can be very inexpensive and you can use everyday food items that you’ll find in most kitchens!  We have a very comprehensive list of toy-stuffing recipes.  You can also save part or all of your dog’s daily food allowance to feed out of these toys during the evening.

 

Interactive dog toys are also invaluable and can play a great part in focussing your dog’s attention.  These include the Snuffle Treat Mat and many of the toys found in our Mental Stimulation section.

 

Training games

Training games are a great way to keep your dog entertained and help them stay in better emotional balance.  There are many types of games you can play:

  • Home-made food toys: This could be a box full of shredded paper with treats inside, a plastic bottle filled with treats and squashed, or a squashed cardboard tube with a few yummy morsels inside and allow him to shred the lot! You may also consider hiding treats in a towel.
  • Hiding food around the house and garden and encourage the dog to “find”. Make this very easy to start with, but in time leave treats inside items and at different levels.  With some dogs, the only way to occupy them when the bigger bangs are occurring is to constantly throw food rewards around the home for them to find … this is perfectly fine.  Tiny morsels of really high-value treats (e.g. liver, cheese, ham) may be required if their fear response is greater.  For some dogs, food is not much of a draw so games with their favourite toy may be a better approach.
  • There are various activity toys on the market (e.g. Nina Ottosson, Trixie Activity Toys) that can be played with your dog.
  • Some dogs just enjoy the interaction with their owners and this is enough to distract them from the noises. This can be simply performing “sit”, “down”, “come” “heel”, “leave”, etc.  When a dog is successful at an exercise, they feel empowered, which in turn increases their confidence.  Ensure they are rewarded handsomely for each correct response.

Clicker Training Exercises

Clicker training is a great way of mentally stimulating your dog and giving him something to focus on other than the fireworks.  There are various exercises you can work on with a clicker:

  • Free shaping on items such as cardboard boxes. Click and reward the dog for interacting with the box in any way (except destroying it).  This could be using paws, mouth, moving around the box, getting in the box, turning it over, etc.  In order to obtain unique behaviours, you must withhold your click once the dog has performed one exercise twice.  If you continue to click the same behaviours, the dog will never offer anything different.  Remember: touching the box with a paw on one side is a different behaviour to touching with the paw on another side.
  • Hand touches: touching your hand with their nose. Hold hand at different heights and start to move your hand so they have to follow it for a period before receiving their click.
  • Other nose targeting exercises: Touching the end of a target stick, pole, or wooden spoon. Encourage the dog to also touch a small post-it note, which can then be stuck to items away from you (e.g. to touch it on a wall at the other side of the room).
  • Targeting with a paw(s): Encourage the dog to touch a marker or upturned bowl with their paw. This item can then be moved further away to add distance.
  • Encourage the dog to place their front paws on a box, small step or wobble cushion. They can then be sent onto this item at a distance.  Once front paws achieved, back paws can be worked on.
  • Teach your dog to go “away” to bed, towel or marker on the floor.

Example fun tricks:

  • Roll over
  • Play dead
  • Spin/twist
  • Give paw
  • Give both paws
  • Commando crawl
  • Play bow
  • Weave legs
  • Wave
  • Circle around handler in both directions
  • Retrieve post from letter box
  • Hold dumbbell
  • Put waste paper in bin/tidy toys into box
  • Stand in-between the handler’s legs
  • To “go around” an item and then return to the handler.  This can be a chair, waste paper bin, cone, etc.
  • To catch a treat

Safety

An up-to-date microchip and collar with ID tag are essential in case the worst should happen and you are separated from your dog.  Some dogs have been known to jump out of bedroom windows and scale 6-foot fences when distressed, so take great care with them.

 

When your dog is in a heightened state of anxiety they can behave out-of-character.  They may need more space in the home and on walks for a few days after a stressful event.

Further help

If your dog really struggles over this period you may need to consider seeking some professional advice.  It is essential that this person is a qualified clinical animal behaviourist as it’s essential that reward-based, up-to-date and scientific advice is given.

APBC Member Surrey

Pet Necessities Professional Dog Training – Egham, Surrey.

www.petnecessities.co.uk.  07969 997 272.  training@petnecessities.co.uk.

https://www.facebook.com/petnecessitiestraining/

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The Importance of Chewing for Dogs

When we think of a dog that likes to chew, most of us think about inappropriate chewing, such as the chewing of furniture, clothes, children’s toys etc.  However, chewing in dogs is a completely natural behaviour!  Did you realise that it’s actually really important that a dog is encouraged to chew?  The trick is in making sure that they are chewing appropriately!  By providing a dog with plenty of appropriate chewing opportunities from a young age, you can help discourage inappropriate chewing and ensure that he or she has the chance to carry-out this vital behaviour.

The Importance of Chewing for Dogs

Biting and chewing helps a dog relieve stress through releasing endorphins.  Dogs that chew are exercising both mind and body.  Chewing also helps to keep the teeth healthy and clean. Biting and chewing are natural hard-wired behaviours that are an inherent part of being a dog.

 

The Importance of Chewing for Dogs

Dogs chew to relieve boredom, loneliness, stress, frustration and anxiety. The act of chewing has a calming and comforting effect on the adrenal-pituitary axis in the brain.  It triggers the release of endorphins, and as such is a tool that the dog has at his disposal in order to ‘self-medicate’ for anxiety and stress.

The Importance of Chewing for Dogs

As well as the behaviour benefits, chewing appropriate toys and chews can help clean a dog’s teeth, remove plaque or aid a puppy through the difficult teething period.   Adolescent dogs are also still teething and chewing often occurs at this time.

 

So, how can you encourage appropriate chewing?  That’s easy, by providing some of the numerous chew toys, mental stimulation toys and long-lasting, natural chews that are available!

 

Dog Chew Toys

The most popular dog chew toy has to the Kong range of toys.  Made of natural rubber, dogs find them irresistible to chew.  Known for being robust, they are available in red for average chewers, or black for power chewers.  There is also a puppy range, which has softer rubber for dogs under nine months.

Kong Toys

Mental Stimulation Toys

While not all toys designed for mental stimulation encourage chewing, many do.  Kong toys are perfect for stuffing with treats or some of your dog’s daily food ration.

Mental stimulation is essential if you want your dog not to chew

As well as the standard-shaped Kong toys, Kong Quest, Kong Traxx and Kong Stuff-a-Balls are all great toys for stuffing.

 

Zogoflex Tux toys also make great stuffing toys, as do the K9 Connectables and Beco Balls.

 

K9 Connectables brain puzzles for dogs

 

Long-lasting Chews

By far the simplest and most convenient way of encouraging appropriate chewing is by purchasing a natural, long-lasting chew.  Ensure you purchase one that is a suitable size for your dog and contains no artificial ingredients; go natural!

 

Our two favourite chews are completely natural, environmentally-friendly and sustainably sourced.

 

Deer Antler chews such as the Farmfood Antlers or Pure Dog Stag Bars are extremely popular (both with dogs and their owners!) and are very long-lasting.  They wear down slowly with the grinding action of the dog’s teeth and saliva, into tasty morsels. Eventually, the dry marrow is exposed as a lovely treat when the outside has been worn away.  For younger or inexperienced dogs, there are also Easy Antlers, which allow the dog to reach the marrow without working so hard.

 

Antler Bars are safe, won’t splinter or chip or cause blockages and they don’t contain nylon like some long lasting chews. They are not an ‘empty’ chew like rawhide and in fact, contain important minerals.  They clean the dog’s teeth, rather than bung them up like some dog chews and they’re great for dogs with sensitive tummies. Even dogs who are losing weight can enjoy Antler Bars because they only contain a tiny amount of fat. Naturally, they don’t contain additives or preservatives.

 

FarmFood Antler bars are popular with all dogs.

 

Anco Roots are a long-lasting chew created from an eco-sustainable source and completely natural.  Anco Roots are safe and won’t splinter or chip.  They clean the dog’s teeth and naturally, they don’t contain additives or preservatives.

 

Anco Roots give your dog a prolonged chewing experience

 

Toys suitable for teething

Arctic Freeze toys make perfect teething toys for puppies and adolescent dogs.  This innovative range of cooling and teething toys contains 100% purified water and are designed to be frozen.  Arctic Freeze toys are soft on the mouth, while durable and strong, therefore providing an icy chilled chewing sensation. The range also has special areas incorporated within each toy for treats to be inserted.  This adds extra interactive fun, too!

 

Rope toys such as Beco Jungle Triple Knot also make fabulous “teethers” for teething puppies and young dogs.  They can be soaked in a very weak gravy solution or salt-free stock and then frozen.  As well as the dog getting relief through chewing, the frozen rope will help to soothe sore gums.  Made from hemp which is a very eco material as no pesticides are used in the growing process. Most importantly though it’s better for your dog; unlike cotton and synthetic ropes it has very short fibres which are more easily digestible.  This means that if a piece of rope is swallowed it is much more likely to pass through the dog’s body without causing problems.

 

Dogs that chew may be experiencing separation distress or anxiety.  Should you feel that this is the case, you may need to seek help from a Clinical Animal Behaviourist who can help you resolve the issue.

 

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Sardine Yoghurt and Fish4Dogs Sea Wrap Kong Stuffing Recipe

Stuffed Kong Recipe

Fans of our Facebook page will know how much we value the mental stimulation provided by food-stuffed dog toys.  This will be the topic of this blog.  We are renowned for the quality of our Kong Stuffing recipes, so read on to add another to your recipe list.

 

Mental Stimulation is vitally important for many reasons.  Our pets require mental stimulation as much as physical exercise. Dogs that are under-stimulated or bored often present many of the problems reported to trainers and behaviourists.  These include behaviours such as stealing items, jumping up, inappropriate chewing, digging etc. Numerous breeds of dog kept as pets were historically bred to do a job.  Working breeds in particular, are very difficult to physically exhaust!

 

Mental Stimulation is also invaluable when your dog is unable to receive as much physical exercise as they are used to.  This is all too common.  It can be down to your own illness, your dog recovering from illness or injury, or extremes of weather.  Dogs used to regularly receiving mental stimulation are more likely to settle on occasions when they can’t be as physically active as they are used to.

 

Using a suitable toy for stuffing, along with a variety of food/treat types and stuffing techniques will provide vital mental stimulation that is easy to do, and not necessarily expensive.  There are many toys for dogs that are suitable for stuffing with food; the ones recommended by Pet Necessities Online can be found here.

Ingredients:

The best dog interactive toys for this particular recipe are a Kong or Tux.  The ingredients you need are some natural yoghurt, tinned sardines and Fish4Dogs Sea Wraps.  

Method:

Drain the oil from the sardines and mash. 

 

Stuffed Kong Recipe

 

Stir in some natural yoghurt; just enough to hold the fish together.

 

Stuffed Kong Recipe

 

Spoon the mixture into your toy of choice.  Once stuffed with the mixture, push a Sea Wrap into it, leaving a small part sticking out.  (This will give your dog an instant reward and encourage him to try hard to remove the rest of the filling.)  Freeze and then serve to your dog.

 

Stuffed Kong Recipe

 

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